In 1883, one of NYC’s first skyscrapers opened at the corner of Nassau and Beekman Streets. Known as Temple Court, the nine-story red brick and terra cotta structure was designed in the Queen Anne style by architect James M. Farnworth to attract accountants and lawyers who needed to be close to the city’s courthouses. Its most impressive feature was its central atrium that rises the full height and is topped by a large pyramid-shaped skylight and two rooftop turrets.
In the 1940s, this romantic atrium was walled in from top to bottom, and by 2001, the last commercial tenant moved out, ultimately sending the building into disrepair, a crumbling shell open to the elements. Plans to restore Temple Court into The Beekman hotel and add an adjacent 51-story condominium tower first surfaced in 2008, but before work got underway in 2012, we were granted the rare opportunity to explore the architectural gem in its eerily beautiful derelict state. And now that guests are filling up the 287 hotel rooms, the main floor is buzzing with restaurants from restaurateurs Tom Colicchio and Keith McNally, and the atrium’s skylight and Victorian cast iron railings and ornamentation have been restored, we went back in to document how this one-of-a-kind landmark has been restored.
Several architectural and design firms were involved in the restoration and adaptive reuse of Temple Court. Although the interior is not a designated New York City landmark, the lead firm, Gerner, Kronick + Varcel Architects, restored many aspects of the original interior, including the historic cast-iron balconies, the grand skylight, the atrium, and the wood millwork doors and windows surrounding the atrium.
“Temple Court was the first “fireproof” building in New York. Because of modern fire code regulations, which prohibit an atrium that physically connects multiple floors, a smoke curtain system was put in place along the perimeter of the restored atrium. Detectors on each floor activate the smoke curtains, which fall and seal off the atrium. With the modern smoke curtains in place, the atrium, in effect, functions much like a fireplace chimney, directing smoke upward and out via ducts located at the base of the historic skylight.
Today, the two turrets function as penthouse hotel suites.
In conjunction with GKV Architects, EverGreene Architectural Arts‘ craftsmen meticulously removed the original floor tiles, cleaned them, replaced those that were broken and reinstalled them. EverGreene artists also restored the plaster, wood and metal elements of the atrium, including as cast iron railings and plaster arches.
The basement was transformed into an event space and offices.
These before photos show how badly the building had deteriorated.
But the life inside the building today proves what a successful restoration and rehabilitation project this was.